When these genes were deleted, the number of transconjugants decreased in the same fashion as when the cells were treated with kanamycin and streptomycin. These results indicate that the process of E. coli conjugation may be promoted by combination treatment with kanamycin and streptomycin and that two proteins potentially participated in this process. “
“CheY, the response regulator of the chemotaxis system in Escherichia coli, can be regulated by two covalent modifications
– phosphorylation and acetylation. Both covalent modifications are involved in chemotaxis, but the mechanism and role of the acetylation are still obscure. While acetylation was shown to repress the binding of CheY to its target proteins, find more the effect of acetylation on the ability of CheY to undergo autophosphorylate with AcP is not fully investigated. To obtain more information on the function of this acetylation, we successfully expressed and purified CheY protein with a 6 × His-tag on the C-terminus. Subsequently, acetylated CheY (AcCheY) was obtained with AcCoA as the acetyl donor, and the acetylation level of AcCheY was confirmed by Western blotting and then mass spectrometry. Using tryptophan fluorescence intensity measurements as
a monitor CHIR99021 of phosphorylation, we showed that acetylation reduces the ability of CheY to undergo autophosphorylation. “
“The surface adhesin P97 mediates the adherence of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae to swine cilia. Two reiterated repeats R1 and R2 are located at the C-terminus of P97. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the immunogenicity of Montanide adjuvant IMS 1113 plus soluble subunit proteins rR1, rR1R2 and their chimeric forms coupled with B subunit of the heat-labile enterotoxin of Escherichia coli (LTB). Each recombinant protein in this study was capable of eliciting anti-R1 specific humoral antibodies (IgG), mucosal antibodies (IgG and IgA) and IFN-γ production. The chimeric protein rLTBR1R2 elicited the quickest humoral antibody response
among the recombinant proteins. Serum and bronchoalveolar lavage analysis revealed that each recombinant protein was capable of inducing both Th1 and Th2 responses. Importantly, all of the proteins induced an anti-R1-specific Th2-biased response in both humoral and mucosal compartments, similar to the response observed in a natural infection either or vaccination process. These observations indicate that rR1, rR1R2, rLTBR1 and rLTBR1R2 with IMS 1113 might represent a promising subunit vaccine strategy against porcine enzootic pneumonia in pigs. “
“Pseudomonas aeruginosa has emerged as a major pathogen in nosocomial infections. Biofilm formation allows the microorganism to persist in hospital water systems for extended periods, which have been associated with nosocomial infections. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of P. aeruginosa colonization of hospital tap waters by nested PCR assay.