\n\nResults: The dose equivalent per treatment absorbed dose at the center of the range-modulated region H/D(t) decreased as the position became farther from the beam axis and farther from the phantom surface. The values of H/D(t) ranged from 6.7 to 0.16 mSv/Gy for the 400 MeV/u carbon beam, from
1.3 to 0.055 mSv/Gy for the 290 MeV/u carbon beam, and from 4.7 to 0.24 mSv/Gy for the 235 MeV proton beam. The values of the dose-averaged quality factor Q(D) ranged from 2.4 to 4.6 for the 400 MeV/u beam, from 2.8 to 5.3 for the 290 MeV/u beam, and from 5.1 to 8.2 for the proton beam. The authors also observed differences in the distributions of H/D(t) and Q(D) between the carbon and proton beams.\n\nConclusions: The authors experimentally obtained absorbed doses, dose-averaged SNX-5422 ic50 quality factors, and dose equivalents in water phantom outside of the irradiation field in passive carbon-ion IPI-145 manufacturer and proton radiotherapies with TEPC. These data are very useful for estimating the risk of secondary cancer after receiving passive
radiotherapies and for verifying Monte Carlo calculations. (C) 2010 American Association of Physicists in Medicine. [DOT: 10.1118/1.3458721]“
“Scorpion stings constitute a common type of accident in Turkey due to the geographic location, climate and socioeconomic structure of this country. Moreover, envenomation cases are considered a public health problem throughout Turkey. Based on data in the literature, the
main clinical features Y-27632 of scorpion envenomations are defined as systemic manifestations including sweating, hypertension and vomiting, and among prominent causes of death are cardiorespiratory manifestations, toxic myocarditis and pulmonary edema. The most important health-threatening scorpions found in Turkey are: Androctonus crassicauda, Leiurus quinquestriatus, Mesobuthus gibbosus and Mesobuthus eupeus, all of which belong to the Buthidae family. This study indicates that there is no data related to venom toxicity and in vivo effects of other scorpions found in Turkey-such as Mesobuthus caucasicus, Mesobuthus nigrocinctus and Hottentotta saulcyi-and that further research should be performed to determine their health effects.”
“We analyzed the characteristics associated with the growth in height of Japanese triplets from birth to 12 years of age. The study included 376 mothers and their 1,128 triplet children, who were born between 1978 and 2006. Data were collected through a mailed questionnaire sent to the mothers asking for information recorded in medical records.