The type of CNT, how it is embedded in the matrix and in which form it is released could not be evaluated due to missing data. Different release scenarios are formulated for the manufacturing of products and articles (2 occupational scenarios), the use phase of articles (5 consumer scenarios) and the end-of-life phase (2 worker and general public scenarios). The chosen scenarios are representative for the uses of CNT composites today: sporting goods and consumer electronics containing CNTs are on the market today, see the Woodrow Wilson Database (http://www.nanotechproject.org/inventories/consumer). Also uses in cars (small components
in various parts) and as large-scale structures (e.g. airplanes, windmill blades) have been described (Dahm et al., 2012). The use of CNTs in rubber for tires has been patented (Kim, 2003). Several possible uses of AZD2281 nmr CNTs in textiles have been described (Goncalves et al., 2012, Koehler et al.,
2008, Liu et al., 2008 and Panhuis et al., 2007). A flame retardant CNT formulation called Thermocyl© is being marketed in part for use with textiles IOX1 cost but no other products are on the market. The scenarios chosen for this work are summarized in Table 1. In addition to the use-phase scenarios of products on the market or near-market, two scenarios cover the production and manufacturing of the composites. Two
additional scenarios look in detail at release during waste incineration and in landfills, because these two life-cycle steps will be common to many applications. Injection molding is one of the most common plastic manufacturing method used to mass-produce parts of the same type. It Pyruvate dehydrogenase is advantageous to use this method as it is a low cost option to mass produce parts with low tolerance variability, minimal after process activities such as grinding, cutting and sanding, high production yields and the ability to use multiple material types. The injection molding manufacturing process begins with a CNT master batch thermoplastic or thermoset pellet feed into a hopper. The pellets are screw fed into a heated barrel, where the material is melted. This process is enclosed, preventing any potential release of CNTs to the workplace. The temperature of the melt process is dependent upon the melt point of the plastic used in the process. A plunger mechanism forces the melted plastic material into the part mold. The plastic returns to its solid format inside the mold and once the part has completely solidified, the part is removed from the mold and finished. The final preparation of master batches involves cutting the long strings of extruded composite into pellets.